Between the late-February market selloff due to Coronavirus fears and the record highs achieved in January, I’ve spent a lot of time this year fielding questions about whether it might be time to pull out of the markets. Surprising, right? But both rise in performance and a drop in performance can spark the same kinds of concerns.
The concept of selling in these situations can be summed up as the “up a lot” and “down a lot” styles of investing: markets are “up a lot” so we should get out before they fall, or markets are “down a lot” so it must be time to get out before it gets worse.
That might sound sensible in general terms, but try to imagine what it would be like to manage a portfolio like this. What does “a lot” actually mean? Which asset classes would make for a “safer” alternative? How much do you sell, and why? In my view, the “down a lot” approach is even more threatening to your financial security: it’s like thinking you might be at risk of an accident and knowing your car has airbags, but deciding to jump out anyway. Psychologically jumping out of a moving car has now become the better choice than the unknown (aka fear).
These strategies are, in my opinion, a dangerous take on active management. But there is an alternative to both.
What makes for good active management?
Most of my readers know that I’m a supporter of active management as a means of mitigating risk and uncovering opportunities. But as I tell my clients, active management is very different from trying to time the market based on past performance or a gut feeling, like the “up a lot” or “down a lot” philosophies.
Rather than making decisions solely on markets rising and falling, I think it’s important to look at how the underlying economic picture is developing. Looking at a broad range of economic indicators can provide a more nuanced view of the economy and where things might be heading.
One of the active managers I turn to for my clients’ portfolios does exactly that: the portfolio managers keep track of about 20 different indicators touching every aspect of the economy, from consumer behavior to geopolitical risk and business outlook. Taken together, these analyses provide a tapestry of information. This can be assessed as a whole to help provide a picture of the potential risks facing the markets.
Using that information, portfolios can be adjusted to mitigate the impact of growing risk in the economy and to potentially help avoid the impact of severe market downturns.
How does that look for clients – and what’s the difference?
In my opinion, is a significantly different approach compared to the way most portfolios are managed.
Most active investment managers will create a core asset allocation and perhaps include a “risk budget,” or some limits to the amount of volatility allowed in the portfolio. A manager might incorporate some economic indicators into this strategy and have a process for tactical decision-making. However, that’s where most of them will stop.
But what I like about the approach I recommend is an important additional step: personalized/customer risk management.
What many of my clients fear above all is another 2008. Taking these kinds of non-normal events (aka black swan events) into account and factoring in an investor’s specific individual needs means that we can seek to better control volatility through any market cycle.
Combined with the broad economic projections we talked about above, this is the next level of active management, one that is both highly tailored to the individual (pinpointing their own risk threshold) and highly attuned to the possible directions of the economy at the same time.
These are the airbags in your portfolio, and when they’re deployed they can help to cushion the blow of an economic turn for the worst.
Engineering versus emotion
Designing a portfolio that works like this is a lot like building a car: it takes engineering, not emotion. The process relies on having the discipline to spot big risks and build a portfolio that can deploy the airbags at the right moment. When that airbag is deployed, you start taking steps to move from riskier assets to more conservative assets, and even towards cash if the road starts to look very treacherous.
In my view, this is so important. It’s very easy to get caught up in the latest news about a single economic indicator or a single geopolitical headlines, including the Coronavirus,. It’s hard not to fall into it: the news is loud and it tends to focus on one big story at a time. The unknown is always the scariest: as Franklin D. Roosevelt said, “The only thing we have to fear is fear itself.”
But the economy is far more complicated than headlines, and it’s important to have a process in place for analyzing it – and reacting to it.
On the other hand, a lot of advisors will invest your money in a long-only model portfolio that won’t adjust when the market turns – and more importantly won’t increase the cash allocation if they are forecasting a recession. Even if they’re nervous, these advisors are unlikely to make any changes to help preserve your savings; you’ll just have to grin and bear whatever the market brings. I think this is also a mistake.
For me, the key is to be responsive to the market without getting emotional. Rather than relying on rules of thumb, build a strategy that can give you all the benefits of well-designed and well-engineered risk management.
For more information on this modern, personalized approach to risk investment management, click here for a more detailed article about my approach.
Written by Bradford Pine with Anna B. Wroblewska
To learn about retirement savings, download my free eBook, “10 Tips You Need to Know About Your IRA Rollover.” This short book is packed with critical information that will help you make the right decisions about your retirement savings.Written by Bradford Pine Bradford Pine Wealth Group – New York City Financial Advisors The views and opinions expressed in an article or column are the author’s own and not necessarily those of Cantella & Co., Inc. It was prepared for informational purposes only. It is not an official confirmation of terms. It is based on information generally available to the public from sources believed to be reliable but there is no guarantee that the facts cited in the foregoing material are accurate or complete. Comments may not be representative of the experience of other investors. Investor comments and experiences are not indicative of future performance or results. Views and opinions expressed in the comments section are the author’s own and not those of Cantella & Co., Inc. No one posting a comment has been compensated for their opinions.